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Objective: In a discussion with their teams, the students apply words that are often used to discuss similarities and differences.
The students will identify two people that they will compare and contrast in their own writing, and begin planning their writing piece.
2 Minute edit:
Display the following sentence on the board.
Ray catches the ball and ran up the field.
Have students spend 1 minute talking with their teams about the sentence. They
should try to identify all of the mistakes they see.
After one minute have a class discussion about how to fix the sentence. Make the
corrections on the board.
Ray caught the ball and ran up the field.
Ray catches the ball and runs up the field.
Write the following sentence on the board and read it aloud:
Basketball and soccer are __________ because they are both sports.
Point out that writers use certain words when comparing two people, places, or things.
What words might complete this sentence?
Possible answers include alike, the same, or similar. Point out that the sentence also includes the word both, which shows things are being compared.
Write the next sentence on the board and read it aloud:
Basketball and soccer _________ because basketball has five players and soccer has eleven players.
Point out that writers use different words when describing how people, places, or things are different.
Think Pair Share
What words might complete this sentence? Possible answers include are different, differ, or unalike.
Distribute the compare and contrast word list to each team.
Challenge the students to use the words in a discussion with their team, as they compare and contrast.
Use numbered heads to have teams report on their discussions. Each team should give one sentence from their discussion that uses one of the compare and contrast words.
Tell the students they will be using these words to write a compare and contrast essay.
Distribute the writing prompt and scoring guide to each student.
Refer the student to the writing prompt and read it aloud.
o Use Think-Pair-Share: What does your essay need?
o Have students underline these elements in the prompt.
Emphasize that their writing of compare and contrast essay must:
o have 4 paragraphs
o have an introduction that grabs the reader’s attention, and introduces the subjects
o have one paragraph that uses compare word to tell how the subjects are alike
o have one paragraph that uses contrast words to tell how they ate different
o have a concluding paragraph
Display (or distribute) the My Mother and My Father writing example.
Tell the students that you would like them to take a look at the writing sample.
Read the first paragraph of compare and contrast essay aloud.
Does the first paragraph of the compare and contrast essay introduce the subjects and grab the reader’s attention?
Read the second paragraph.
What compare words do you notice?
Did the writer describe at least three similarities?
Read the third paragraph.
What contrast words do you notice?
Did the writer describe at least three differences?
Read the fourth paragraph.
Point out that this paragraph should sum up the essay and give the reader something to think about.
Have students work in teams to brainstorm people to write about.
o Remind students that they will need to be able to think of at least three ways these people are alike and three ways they are different.
Have student begin completing the graphic organizer found on the back of their scoring guide.
Collect students’ completed graphic organizers or have students place them in their writing folders in order to assess progress later.
o Was it hard to think of two people to compare and contest?
o Did discussing it with your team help?
o Was it harder to think of similarities or differences about the people you chose?
o If you wanted to find out more information about the person you chose to write about, what could you do?